The cat advocates’ central goal is to reform the US animal shelter system and stop feline euthanasia. Cats are by now proving such resourceful survivors that we routinely execute them. Our country kills millions of healthy but homeless cats every year—nearly half of all house cats that enter shelters, and almost 100 percent of the unsocialized cats, which are especially hard to place with owners.
The better solution, according to the cat lobby? Just leave the cats outside—but stop them from reproducing in such staggering numbers. Though conference speakers counsel against the public use of acronyms, among themselves they call the strategy TNR: Trap, Neuter and Release, or—as many prefer—Return. Roaming cats, which the advocates sometimes call “community cats” or “wild cats,” are captured in traps, sexually defused (and ear-tipped to prove it), and then set free to live out their lives where they “belong”—“as part of the natural landscape.”
The neuter-and-release method is sweeping the country and has been embraced in recent years by many major municipalities: joining Washington are New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, Dallas, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, San Francisco, Milwaukee, Salt Lake City, and more. There are now some 250 pro-TNR ordinances nationwide, a number that, according to Alley Cat Allies, rose tenfold from 2003 to 2013, and some 600 registered nonprofits have emerged to do the work officially, though there are far more groups trapping, neutering, and returning under the radar. Abroad, entire countries—like Italy—have adopted the strategy.