Contraception 101

No bio available

A guide to the facts about contraception, condoms and birth control useIt can be overwhelming to sort through all the information about birth control. Here’s a breakdown of your options to help prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, from YOU: The Owner’s Manual for Teens: A Guide to a Healthy Body and Happy Life, by Michael F. Roizen, M.D. and Mehmet C. Oz, M.D.

If partners discuss contraception — as opposed to the boy simply assuming that the girl is taking care of it — they are more likely to adhere to it. Guys, ask your partner what form of birth control she is using, and also take responsibility by using a condom, the first contraceptive method on our list. As for same-sex sex, contraceptives aren’t necessary, but disease prevention (condoms) are a must.

Condoms: They reduce the risk of STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) but are only 85 percent safe in terms of reducing the risk of pregnancy. If a condom does not break and is used 100 percent of the time, it is 100 percent effective. The problem is not with the condom, but with the consistency of using the condom. Occasionally they tear; more often, they are not used correctly. So we recommend that couples having heterosexual sex use dual protection: a condom and one other method of contraception. This ensures that both male and female take responsibility for preventing pregnancy and STIs. For those with a latex allergy, try polyurethane condoms; they may break slightly more easily but they are just as safe against STIs as latex condoms.

The Pill: The Pill, which controls pregnancy by suppressing ovulation, so no egg is out there to meet a sperm, has the longest track record for safety and effectiveness. Taken once a day, most brands result in a menstrual “period” once a month (not a real period because you haven’t ovulated — just a couple of days of light bleeding). The newest brands, Seasonale and Seasonique, were created to get women on an every-three-month menstrual cycle, which is great for gals who find bleeding a bother, are borderline anemic, get really bad cramps or migraines, or are swimmers or athletes for whom periods are an inconvenience that might impact performance. While it’s all right to go long stretches without bleeding if you’re on a pill that suppresses ovulation, it’s not safe to get natural periods less than once every three months; if this is happening, see your doctor.

Spermicidal jelly, foam: Made of nonoxynyl-9 or other sperm-killing agents, these can be inserted into the vagina like a tampon, but unlike a tampon, they do not need to be removed, since the foam or jelly gets absorbed within one to two hours after use. These methods need to be used in conjunction with a condom for pregnancy prevention, not just applied on a condom. Condoms lubricated with spermicidals are still only 85 percent effective against pregnancy; you still need a second form of protection.

Vaginal contraceptive film (VCF): Made of nonoxynyl-9, the active ingredient that kills sperm on contact, VCF can get inserted into the vagina ten minutes before sex. It dissolves to foam, and VCF plus a condom provides close to 100 percent protection against pregnancy.

Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera): A shot given into a muscle (intramuscularly) every twelve weeks that suppresses the release of eggs from the ovaries, thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg in the first place, and slows movement of eggs through the fallopian tubes. The main downside is that your appetite will increase, and that can lead to weight gain. Another adverse effect is potential loss of bone density, which is reversible once you stop Depo.

NuvaRing: This is a vaginal ring that you insert within six days of the start of a period, leave in for three weeks, then remove. Another one is then inserted seven days later. It secretes the hormones estrogen and progestin, a synthetic version of progesterone, both of which prevent the ovary from releasing any eggs and thicken cervical mucus. Some girls using NuvaRing develop bacterial vaginosis: a slight change in the normal bacteria that live in the vagina. Symptoms include a funny smell. Bacterial vaginosis is easily treatable with an oral antibiotic or intravaginal cream that your doc can prescribe.

IUD (intrauterine device) or IUS (intrauterine system): IUDs are small, T-shaped plastic devices that are inserted into the uterus for long-term birth control. They come in two forms, one that releases hormones (acting just like the NuvaRing to suppress ovulation) that last for five years (Mirena) and one that contains a small amount of copper and lasts for twelve years (ParaGard). Both interfere with the uterine lining, making it an inhospitable place for a baby to grow. The one with hormones does more to actively prevent conception from taking place by keeping sperm from the egg, just like the Pill, Depo-Provera, and the NuvaRing. IUDs are nearly 100 percent effective at preventing pregnancy but, like all hormonal contraceptives, do not prevent STI, so you’ll need to use a condom as well.

LEARN MORE

Cream Cheese Cookie Recipe

Linda’s Cream Cheese Cookies Recipe

Sarah Tomlinson is a Los Angeles– and Brooklyn-based writer. Her writing has appeared in publications including Marie Claire, the Los Angeles Times, The Boston Globe, Salon.com, and Vol1Brooklyn.com. She has ghostwritten nine books, including two uncredited New York Times bestsellers. Visit her online at SarahTomlinson.com and follow her alter ego, Duchess of Rock (@DuchessofRock), on Twitter.

More Stories >

Debugging information below
(This will not show up in Production)

Total Queries ran on page 39
Time Query
Time Query
0.00065279006958008 SELECT ID, post_name, post_parent, post_type FROM wp_posts WHERE post_name IN ('health-and-wellness','contraception-101') AND post_type IN ('page','attachment')
0.00050497055053711 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND wp_posts.post_name = 'contraception-101' AND wp_posts.post_type = 'post' ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
0.00046086311340332 SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_postmeta WHERE post_id IN (16231) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
6.8902969360352E-5 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND t.slug = 'health-and-wellness' ORDER BY t.name ASC
5.9843063354492E-5 SELECT term_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_termmeta WHERE term_id IN (10664) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.0005950927734375 SELECT tr.term_taxonomy_id FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tr.object_id IN (16231) AND tt.taxonomy IN ('category') ORDER BY tr.term_taxonomy_id ASC
0.00028800964355469 SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE ID = 16231 LIMIT 1
0.00094914436340332 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.0021870136260986 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('post_tag') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.00034403800964355 SELECT term_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_termmeta WHERE term_id IN (3461,10773,11819,200,201,5136,11820,11821,4463,202,10887,10888,11822,10889,10890,1584,165,5377,11823,10771) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.0010509490966797 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('post_format') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
9.4175338745117E-5 SELECT tr.object_id FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('nav_menu') AND tt.term_id IN ('10280') ORDER BY tr.object_id ASC
0.0001530647277832 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND wp_posts.ID IN (15201,17412,17413,17414,17415,17416,17417,17418,17419,17420,17421,17422,17423,17424,17425) AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
0.00010204315185547 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND wp_posts.ID IN (2) AND wp_posts.post_type = 'page' AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) ORDER BY wp_posts.post_date DESC
0.00095796585083008 SELECT t.term_id FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
8.1062316894531E-5 SELECT tr.object_id FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('nav_menu') AND tt.term_id IN ('10282') ORDER BY tr.object_id ASC
0.00010085105895996 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND wp_posts.ID IN (15204,15205,15206,15207,15208) AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
8.1062316894531E-5 SELECT t.term_id FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
8.2015991210938E-5 SELECT tr.object_id FROM wp_term_relationships AS tr INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('nav_menu') AND tt.term_id IN ('10282') ORDER BY tr.object_id ASC
0.00012707710266113 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND wp_posts.ID IN (15204,15205,15206,15207,15208) AND wp_posts.post_type = 'nav_menu_item' AND ((wp_posts.post_status = 'publish')) ORDER BY wp_posts.menu_order ASC
8.0108642578125E-5 SELECT t.term_id FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND tr.object_id IN (16231) ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.00064301490783691 SELECT p.ID FROM wp_posts AS p WHERE p.post_date > '2011-05-26 07:00:36' AND p.post_type = 'post' AND p.post_status = 'publish' ORDER BY p.post_date ASC LIMIT 1
0.00039815902709961 SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE ID = 1908 LIMIT 1
0.0011849403381348 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category') AND tr.object_id IN (1908) ORDER BY t.name ASC
8.0108642578125E-5 SELECT term_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_termmeta WHERE term_id IN (3) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.00054001808166504 SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_postmeta WHERE post_id IN (15758) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.0039441585540771 SELECT SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS wp_posts.ID FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=1 AND ( wp_posts.post_date >= '2012-01-01 00:00:00' ) AND wp_posts.post_type = 'post' AND (wp_posts.post_status = 'publish') ORDER BY RAND() LIMIT 0, 4
9.5129013061523E-5 SELECT FOUND_ROWS()
0.00029706954956055 SELECT wp_posts.* FROM wp_posts WHERE ID IN (3874,3339,12932)
0.0023400783538818 SELECT t.*, tt.*, tr.object_id FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('category', 'post_tag', 'post_format') AND tr.object_id IN (3339, 3874, 12932) ORDER BY t.name ASC
0.00068497657775879 SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_postmeta WHERE post_id IN (3339,3874,12932) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
7.7009201049805E-5 SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM wp_terms AS t INNER JOIN wp_term_taxonomy AS tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id INNER JOIN wp_term_relationships AS tr ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ('post_format') AND tr.object_id IN (11823) ORDER BY t.name ASC
6.6041946411133E-5 SELECT `post_id` FROM `wp_postmeta` WHERE `meta_key` = 'bk_isbn' AND `meta_value` = '9781451699302';
0.00023293495178223 SELECT * FROM wp_users WHERE ID = '262'
0.00029087066650391 SELECT user_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_usermeta WHERE user_id IN (262) ORDER BY umeta_id ASC
0.00022602081298828 SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE ID = 12954 LIMIT 1
0.00043201446533203 SELECT post_id, meta_key, meta_value FROM wp_postmeta WHERE post_id IN (12954) ORDER BY meta_id ASC
0.005897045135498 SELECT `post_id` FROM `wp_postmeta` WHERE `meta_key` = 'bk_isbn' AND `meta_value` = '9781476748962';
0.00027108192443848 SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE ID = 12628 LIMIT 1
WP_Post Object
(
    [ID] => 16231
    [post_author] => 1
    [post_date] => 2011-05-26 07:00:36
    [post_date_gmt] => 2011-05-26 11:00:36
    [post_content] => A guide to the facts about contraception, condoms and birth control useIt can be overwhelming to sort through all the information about birth control. Here’s a breakdown of your options to help prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, from YOU: The Owner’s Manual for Teens: A Guide to a Healthy Body and Happy Life, by Michael F. Roizen, M.D. and Mehmet C. Oz, M.D.

If partners discuss contraception -- as opposed to the boy simply assuming that the girl is taking care of it -- they are more likely to adhere to it. Guys, ask your partner what form of birth control she is using, and also take responsibility by using a condom, the first contraceptive method on our list. As for same-sex sex, contraceptives aren’t necessary, but disease prevention (condoms) are a must.

Condoms: They reduce the risk of STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) but are only 85 percent safe in terms of reducing the risk of pregnancy. If a condom does not break and is used 100 percent of the time, it is 100 percent effective. The problem is not with the condom, but with the consistency of using the condom. Occasionally they tear; more often, they are not used correctly. So we recommend that couples having heterosexual sex use dual protection: a condom and one other method of contraception. This ensures that both male and female take responsibility for preventing pregnancy and STIs. For those with a latex allergy, try polyurethane condoms; they may break slightly more easily but they are just as safe against STIs as latex condoms.

The Pill: The Pill, which controls pregnancy by suppressing ovulation, so no egg is out there to meet a sperm, has the longest track record for safety and effectiveness. Taken once a day, most brands result in a menstrual “period” once a month (not a real period because you haven’t ovulated -- just a couple of days of light bleeding). The newest brands, Seasonale and Seasonique, were created to get women on an every-three-month menstrual cycle, which is great for gals who find bleeding a bother, are borderline anemic, get really bad cramps or migraines, or are swimmers or athletes for whom periods are an inconvenience that might impact performance. While it’s all right to go long stretches without bleeding if you’re on a pill that suppresses ovulation, it’s not safe to get natural periods less than once every three months; if this is happening, see your doctor.

Spermicidal jelly, foam: Made of nonoxynyl-9 or other sperm-killing agents, these can be inserted into the vagina like a tampon, but unlike a tampon, they do not need to be removed, since the foam or jelly gets absorbed within one to two hours after use. These methods need to be used in conjunction with a condom for pregnancy prevention, not just applied on a condom. Condoms lubricated with spermicidals are still only 85 percent effective against pregnancy; you still need a second form of protection.

Vaginal contraceptive film (VCF): Made of nonoxynyl-9, the active ingredient that kills sperm on contact, VCF can get inserted into the vagina ten minutes before sex. It dissolves to foam, and VCF plus a condom provides close to 100 percent protection against pregnancy.

Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera): A shot given into a muscle (intramuscularly) every twelve weeks that suppresses the release of eggs from the ovaries, thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg in the first place, and slows movement of eggs through the fallopian tubes. The main downside is that your appetite will increase, and that can lead to weight gain. Another adverse effect is potential loss of bone density, which is reversible once you stop Depo.

NuvaRing: This is a vaginal ring that you insert within six days of the start of a period, leave in for three weeks, then remove. Another one is then inserted seven days later. It secretes the hormones estrogen and progestin, a synthetic version of progesterone, both of which prevent the ovary from releasing any eggs and thicken cervical mucus. Some girls using NuvaRing develop bacterial vaginosis: a slight change in the normal bacteria that live in the vagina. Symptoms include a funny smell. Bacterial vaginosis is easily treatable with an oral antibiotic or intravaginal cream that your doc can prescribe.

IUD (intrauterine device) or IUS (intrauterine system): IUDs are small, T-shaped plastic devices that are inserted into the uterus for long-term birth control. They come in two forms, one that releases hormones (acting just like the NuvaRing to suppress ovulation) that last for five years (Mirena) and one that contains a small amount of copper and lasts for twelve years (ParaGard). Both interfere with the uterine lining, making it an inhospitable place for a baby to grow. The one with hormones does more to actively prevent conception from taking place by keeping sperm from the egg, just like the Pill, Depo-Provera, and the NuvaRing. IUDs are nearly 100 percent effective at preventing pregnancy but, like all hormonal contraceptives, do not prevent STI, so you’ll need to use a condom as well.

LEARN MORE


    [post_title] => Contraception 101
    [post_excerpt] => It can be overwhelming to sort through all the information about birth control. Here’s a breakdown of your options to help prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, from YOU: The Owner’s Manual for Teens: A Guide to a Healthy Body and Happy Life, by Michael F. Roizen, M.D. and Mehmet C. Oz, M.D.
    [post_status] => publish
    [comment_status] => open
    [ping_status] => closed
    [post_password] => 
    [post_name] => contraception-101
    [to_ping] => 
    [pinged] => 
    [post_modified] => 2011-05-26 07:00:36
    [post_modified_gmt] => 2011-05-26 11:00:36
    [post_content_filtered] => 
    [post_parent] => 0
    [guid] => http://www.tipsonhealthyliving.com/?p=2315
    [menu_order] => 0
    [post_type] => post
    [post_mime_type] => 
    [comment_count] => 0
    [filter] => raw
)